Global Governance Round-up
The Global Governance
Emerging powers can play vital world role –Brazil
The president of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff, addressed United Nations on September 21, on the role of emerging economies to help stem global crisis. Rousseff called for an end of what she has termed the “currency war.” Brazil and other key emerging market countries are pushing for a larger role in IMF and permanent seats at UN Security Council as part of a strategy for stronger voice in global affairs.
Are the World’s Emerging Powers Rising to the Challenge?
The G-20 can be viewed as a barometer of international politics. This can be seen in the loss of prestige of western powers, such as the United States, due to their role as the source of finical crisis. With the G-20 has adding development and anticorruption to its agenda there is now worry of overlap or competition with the UN. The other concern is the effect domestically of leaders‟ enthusiasm for solution of international issues.
Why China Wants a G-3 World
Often over looked for its failure to produce a cohesive voice and its slow response time, the E.U. still represents the largest trade block, exporter of capital, and source of funds and leadership for multilateral organizations. The global scene benefits from areas of all three powers, the U.S. military power and consumption, Chinese capital and labor, and European rules and technology. China‟s push for a 3-G world is an attempt to have Europe play a buffer role against the U.S.
One world government? Not so fast!
The "power to manage" or “General Motors” view of scientific management is flawed, misguided, and even dangerous. This model lacks the capability to adequately cope with many issues, including global climate change, food insecurity, loss of biodiversity and other similar global policy problems. Global governance systems must incorporate complex-systems perspective in designing and supporting international policy and institutional mechanisms.
Africa News: Continent challenged by lack of respect for human rights
The Sudanese-born telecom billionaire, Mo Ibrahim, spoke on the widening gap of the Africa‟s strong economic growth and its failure to address human rights and issues of law. Mr. Ibrahim was speaking with reporters on findings of the 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance, he also warned that this “unbalanced” style of governance may lead to the unrest as seen in North Africa.
WEF Poll Shows Lower Confidence in Global Economy, Governance
Global Confidence Index from Geneva-based forum has shown that less than 10 percent of those surveyed were confident in governance and growth for the coming year. Of those surveyed a quarter expressed a lack in economic global leadership. Respondents also where concerned about geopolitical and social upheaval.
The Coming Multilateral World Order
World Bank president, Robert Zoellick, identified a “critical inflection point” in world history at his speech at George Washington University. In modern global affairs there is a need for new models in development and governance. The flow of economic and political power is shifting to developing countries calling for more multilateralism.
Modern Life, Modern Ills: The NCD Summit
The Global Governance Monitor: Public Health‟s has been updated to call attention to the strengthening effort of international organizations and UN member states on reducing the economic and social burdens of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). While the G77 and NDC alliance called for time-bound targets to reduce the prevalence of NCDs, the economic burdens and health care concerns of United States, Europe, and Japan, make any commitment unlikely at this time.
Internet Governance Commentary: Civil Society at a Crossroads
The Internet Governance Forum, IGF, met last month. The conference, held in Nairobi, focused on internet governance and policy issues. The forum found that with great effort and cooperative participation civil society can move forward on the goals the IGF outlined.
Middle Powers Can Punch Above Their Weight
Andrew Cooper and Jongryn Mo consider the power struggle over the future of international economic system. With the credibility of the traditional heavy weights wavering there has been space created for "so-called middle powers." Korea, Canada, Australia, Mexico, Turkey, Indonesia are all cited as these middle powers. With the bigger players occupied the debt crisis the options for these middle powers have opened up.
At G20: China a Balancer Between US and EU - Asia Pacific Memo #116
At the G20 summit in Cannes many people are considering the new role of China. While China identifies with the European long term goals of stabilizing the international financial system, it is hesitant to complicate its relationship with the US. China may in the future act as a balancer between the US and Europe.
France and Germany clash over ECB crisis role
With the failure of modest bond purchases to calm markets, Germany and France have clashed over the European Central Bank. The issue at the heart of the clash was whether or not the European Central Bank should act in a more forceful manner to stop the euro zone's accelerating debt crisis.
Arab League ratchets up pressure on Syria's Assad
The Syrian army defectors attacked an intelligence complex on the out skirts of Damascus in a move against President Bashar al-Assad. In a show of support the Arab League has continued its move towards imposing economic sanctions on Syria.
Europe can't put out the blaze
The European financier ministers met in Brussels to discuss how to deal with the financial crisis, however instead of making head way in mitigating the crisis the outcome may have been the opposite. A major obstacle in dealing with the crisis in the inability among the ministers to agree on the size of the crisis and the best way to deal with it.
Russia sees IMF as conduit for euro aid
Russia delivered a vote of no confidence on Europe's approach to resolving its sovereign debt crisis when the head of the IMF visited Moscow to seek support. Russia is unwilling to lend directly to the euro zone's bailout fund preferring to channel any support through the IMF. Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has alluded to the joint position of the BRICs caucus of emerging market nations will only agree to help in return for earlier promises on "deep reforms" to the IMF and global financial systems be implemented.
A Gas OPEC won't work
The Gas Exporting Countries Forum's aim is to replicate OPEC's success. Despite being founded over a decade ago GECF has had very little impact on the global scene. The biggest obstacle to GECF becoming a power like OPEC may not be the global market but the nature of natural gas itself, transportation being much more difficult than in the case of oil
Communiqué of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of the G-20
The communiqué of the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors from the Paris France meeting held on 14-15 October. The communiqué discusses the steps taken and being implemented to mitigate the financial crisis.
G20 Finance meeting
The individuals participating in the G20 finance ministers meeting held in Paris France on 14-15 October. The agenda of the meeting which including the six working sessions on issues of ' the global macroeconomic situation and the Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced
Growth; the reform the international monetary system; energy and commodity price volatility, development, climate and innovative financing; financial regulation; the run-up to the Cannes Summit; and presentation of Mexico’s priorities for its term holding the G20 Presidency in 2012 (Francoise Baroin and Christian Noyer 2011).
IMF annual report
The International Monetary Fund report 2011
At the G20 a small victory for India
The clear outcome of the Cannes G20 meeting was that the domination of multilateral institutions by a few developed countries is over with growing strength of groups such as the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. For the first time developed countries are seeking help from emerging economies such as India.
Japan, wary of China, boosts ties with ASEAN
Japan concerned over its own lagging power and China's growing strength has made steps to move closer to the Association of South Asian Nations (ASEAN). Japan has pledged $25 billion for infrastructure projects in South Asian as well as calling for maritime cooperation through a multilateral forum.
UN vote on Palestinian state put off amid lack of support
It appears that Palestine will fall short of the nine votes needed for recognition of its statehood. In the face of US opposition and France joining Britain in abstaining from voting the Palestinian leadership is taking time to consider the implications in pressing for a vote at this time.
PM launches global governance report
In an effort to strengthen the G20, Financial Stability Board, World Trade Organization, and focus global governance on delivering global growth, British Prime Minister David Cameron delivered a set of proposals. The report containing the proposals is called the Governance for Growth and outlines how to improve governance and highlights correct tools for global growth delivery.
Iran defiant after U.N. nuclear resolution
In light of the U.N nuclear watchdog resolution stating their concern over Iran's nuclear program the country has been celebrating that even in with the publication of the report there are no new U.N. sanctions at this time. This may be premature in light of the US statements on its continued opposition and its stated intention to pressure allies to follow suit.
Prevention: Core to the Responsibility to Protect
An article by Stanley Foundation Program Officer Rachel Gerber examines the debates over the Responsibility to Protect. The debate is seated in the international intervention by led by the U.K, France and the US, and taken over by NATO in Libya. The debate concerns the prevention of imminent mass atrocities through policy measures especially if military intervention is warranted.
Can Asia Step up to 21st Century Leadership?
The 21st century has been called the Asian century with China, Japan, and India at the forefront. These countries are attempting to strengthen their postion and weight within global governing bodies in an effort to have greater influence in global affairs. The question remains which country with deal the region with constraining issues of legitamacy facing each of the big contenders.
Internet Global Goverance
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is one of the few remaining environments that still support the multistakeholder model of governance. This forum continues to support the United Nations Secretary-General in carrying out the mandate from the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) with regard to convening a new forum for multi-stakeholder policy dialogue. Over the past six years different mulitistakeholders have met annually to continue this dialogue on internet governance. This past September, the 6th IGF was successfully held in Nairobi, Kenya. Workshops presented dealt with the future of Internet governance, the contribution and development of organizations, corporate responsibility and ICT’s, and multistakeholder Internet public policy among other related topics.
For more information on IGF visit http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/aboutigf.
World Bank could use a competitive advantage
April 10, 2012
The BRICS are challenging the power trifecta of the UN, World Bank, and IMF, and the deficiencies in these organizations are not endering them to the emerging powers. This distrust by emerging nations in the establishment may come to head with the election of the new World Bank president.
BRICS can provide a fall-back option
April 21st, 2012
The BRICS are trading by 28% annually are expected to expand even more rapidly in the following years both in bilteral and multilateral areas. The BRICS have shifted the focused the trade from the North to the South and from the Atlantic to the Indian and Pacific Ocean basins.
Courier 74 Spring 2012
The conference on "Reponsibility to Protect: The Next Decade" in January of this year may have changed how the R2P is seen globally. There has been wide consensus on the need for the development of a best practice to prevent and halt mass atrocitites. In the past the mass violence were seen as a domestic matter, this doctorin was even embrased previously by the UN Sercurity Council, however this is no longer the case.
World Economic Form - Global Risks 2013 Report and Interactive Micro-site 2013
The Global Regime for Armed Conflict
The issue brief is part of the multimedia Global Governance Monitor from the International Institutions and Global Governance program. The report covers the scope of the "challenges of armed conflict, the strength and weaknesses of different approaches, U.S and International armed conflicts issues, recent developments, and options for strengthening the global regime to prevent armed conflict.
Spring Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group
The IMF and the World Bank Group will be holding its Spring Meeting April 19-21 in Washington D.C.
The UN Security Council has been approached by France in hopes of bringing a peace-keeping mission to Mali, the time line of such an endeavor has yet to be set. The French ambassador to the UN Gerard Araud was resolute in his statements on French involvement in the West African Country. "As for the French forces, they will not stay...We will not stay."
Global Goals for Human Rights and Governance After 2015: Part V
Following 2015 the world's leaders global agenda is set to include the goal of combating discrimination and inequality. Part of this includes the goal of open and accountable government for all. Along with reaching the goal of equality for all accountable government for all is a vital factor in socioeconomic development. These goals are part of a the Open Government Partnership. Other cross-national and transnational measures have been taken including; World Justice Project’s Rule of Law Index; the Corruption Perceptions Index from Transparency International; the AfroBaromoter/LatinoBarometro, a series of national public attitude surveys on democracy and governance in Africa and Latin America; and the OGP Independent Reporting Mechanism.
Haiti: Security Council calls for timely elections, security sector reform
The UN is seeking to complete is peacekeeping mission in Haiti while reaffirming its commitment to its the beleaguered country. Before the January elections the Pakistani ambassador to the UN, Ambassador Masood Khan, issued a statement urging political actors in to preserve the stability and progress which the country has made.
Russia ready to accept any version of UN Security Council reform
The BRICS country has made statements that it is open to any form of security council reform under the condition that the reform is backed by a majority of states. The time line of the reform however is not short, the largest issuing being the number of member-states of the UN security body. While Italy and Spain back a reform that would only affect non-permanent members, in opposition Germany, India, and Brazil are calling for expansion that would also involve permanent member-states.
U.S. urges lifting of U.N. arms embargo on Somalia: envoys
After 21 years of an arms embargo on Somalia, Washington is calling for an end and urging other UN Security Council members to follow suite. This move follows the need to rebuild the countries security forces and the military push against al Shabaab militants. An unnamed senior Western diplomat was quoted in this article saying; "I think we'll come down in terms of having probably a political lift of the arms embargo but retaining some controls..."
Fedusa to engage World Bank, IMF on labour issues
The Federation of Unions of South Africa (Fedusa) will be holding a meeting February 12 to 14 with the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The meeting will be focused on labor issues focusing on ensuring 'decent work' and push for programs which focus on job creation, labor standards, and gender issues. In the meeting Fedusa is slated to called for greater safeguards in World Bank projects, and to transitioning South Africa to a 'green economy.'
SA seeks positive outcome at BRICS summit
South Africa will be hosting the BRICS summit for the first time in Durban in March. Next month will also be the first time that BRICS leaders will have a retreat with regional leaders. Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, the Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, is hopeful in the positive outcome of the formation of a new development bank headed by the BRICS, the discussion of which will be under taken a the March meeting.
In 2003 the U.N. agreed to lowering the U.S. peacekeeping assessment to 25%. In 2009 they have almost reached that goal with the U.S. share falling to less than 26%. However this did not continue. By 2010 U.S. taxpayers saw hundreds of millions of dollars from the sharp increase in assessments. Brett Schaefer's report calls for the U.S. to require the U.N to honor its commitments, and bring down the assessments.
The Global Regime for Armed Conflict; Issue Brief
An issue brief by the Council on Foreign Relations, this report covers; the "Scope of the Challenge;" "Strength and Weakness;" "U.S. and International Armed Conflicts Issues;" "Recent Developments;" Options for Strengthening the Global Regime to Prevent Armed Conflicts"