We live in an era of increasing mutual vulnerability of nations to transnational challenges, such as climate change, drug trafficking, people smuggling, competition for scarce energy resources, new forms of pandemics, terrorism, and the spread of technologies of mass destruction. We are also witnessing a gradual diffusion of world power, triggered not just by the “emerging powers” (e.g. China, India, Brazil, South Africa), but also by a host of transnational actors and institutions. Despite the uncertainty and risks caused by any power diffusion, the shared need for confronting common global challenges offers opportunities for new forms of multilateral cooperation in which emerging actors play a central role.
MAJOR THEMES OF TRANSCEND
TRANSCEND is concerned principally with five issues:
- Concepts and Approaches: Ideas and approaches to global and transnational governance.
- Human Insecurity and Non-Traditional Threats: Transnational threats matter and are here to stay. The nature and impact of transnational threats, e.g. climate change, financial crises, pandemics, human trafficking etc., and responding to them with the help of emerging nations.
- Multilateralism and Diffusion of Power: The role of emerging forums, especially the G-20, and how they reshape North-South relations.
- Governing Regional Worlds: The role of regional institutions and how they affect the management of transnational issues.
- Ideas and the Unity of Civilizations: History tells us that civilizations do not necessarily clash, but learn and benefit from each other. How to translate these lessons into concrete policy tools to arrest the perceptions of a clash of civilizations?